Enhancing the RAND HRS CAMS Public Use File

In 2001 the Health and Retirement Study launched a supplementary survey, the Consumption and Activities Mail Survey (CAMS).  CAMS is a biennial survey of a random subsample of HRS participants. Its purpose is to collect detailed information on household spending.…

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Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Effects of COVID-19 on Job Separation and Financial Precarity

Drawing on Health and Retirement Study data collected in 2021, we will examine racial differences in the COVID-19 pandemic’s consequences on financial security. We hypothesize that, relative to their white counterparts, Black and Hispanic older workers were more likely to…

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Racial and ethnic differences in job characteristics and patterns in disability retirement and Social Security retirement wealth

Using Health and Retirement Study data together with rich job characteristic data from O*NET, we will identify variables related to work context that characterize jobs based on levels of physiological and psychological stress. We will evaluate differences by race/ethnicity, explore…

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Medical Spending Risk among the Elderly by Race and Gender

Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) linked to administrative Medicare and Medicaid records, along with the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), we estimate the stochastic process for total and out-of-pocket medical spending by race and gender. By…

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Explanations for the Decline in Spending at Older Ages

We use new data from the 2019 wave of the Consumption and Activities Mail Survey to help interpret the observed decline in spending as individuals age. At one extreme, forward-looking individuals optimally chose the decline; at the other, myopic individuals…

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Social Security Coverage Around the World: The Case of China, India, and Mexico (2021)

We describe the current state and recent trends in the landscape of social security programs in China, Mexico and India. A common thread across these countries is the introduction and recent expansion of old-age pension programs with non-contributory components. We…

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Workplace Injuries and Receipt of Benefits from Workers Compensation and SSDI*

We use data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and matched Social Security Administration (SSA) data to study two questions. First, we examine evidence on whether workers who suffer permanently disabling injuries covered by workers’ compensation (WC) subsequently end…

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Heterogeneity in Self-Employment and the Transition to Retirement among Older Adults in the United States

The fraction of workers who are self-employed increases with age, but the types of self-employment that older workers do and the effects of this work on their well-being is not well understood. This project examines such heterogeneity by considering how…

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Wealth Makes Health

While life expectancy is increasing overall, it hasn’t gone up evenly across all wealth groups: Richer people are living longer, but generally poorer people are not.[1] As income inequality grows, it is possible that mortality gaps will widen as well.…

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