2022

UM22-01: Tracking Changes in the Composition of Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplement Security Income Following the COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically altered Americans’ health and work in ways that may trigger significant changes in the size and composition of disability program participation. In this project, we use Social Security Administration data to study trends in beneficiary…

UM22-02: Retirement Pensions and Disability Insurance for the 21st Century

This project will estimate the degree of disability risk among the older than 50 population in the United States and England, and evaluate joint reforms of disability insurance and retirement pension programs in a dynamic model of labor supply, social…

UM22-03: The Effect of the Americans with Disabilities Act on Supplemental Security Income

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was introduced in 1990 with the goal of protecting disabled workers. While a number of studies have examined the ADA’s impact on the disabled individuals’ employment, it is important to also understand its impact…

UM22-04: The Role of Physical, Cognitive and Interpersonal Occupational Requirements and Working Conditions on Disability and Retirement

This proposed research project is an expansion of the MRDRC grant UM21-05, where we investigated the role of physical occupational requirements on retirement transitions using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and from the first wave of the…

UM22-05: How Will COVID-19 Excess Mortality Affect Social Security Benefit Payouts?

This project will estimate the impact of excess mortality resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic on projected Social Security benefits and elderly income. COVID-19 mortality is higher at older ages and highest among those with pre-existing health conditions, so some people…

UM22-06: Nontraditional Work, Nontraditional Workers, and the Implications for Social Security

We use six panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation to measure the short- and long-term financial security of individuals who have earnings from nontraditional work, such as side self-employment, side business, and platform-based earnings (i.e., Uber). We…

UM22-07: The Effect of COVID on Expected and Actual Labor Supply and Social Security Claiming Among Older Workers

The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the working conditions of many U.S. workers. Some lost their jobs either temporarily or permanently, others switched to telework, while essential workers continued working on-site at the risk of becoming infected with the virus. The pandemic…

UM22-08: Gendered Impacts of COVID-19 on Economic and Retirement Security

The COVID-19 pandemic has had enormous effects on the United States labor market, disproportionately affecting women’s careers. In this project, we will use survey data collected before and during the pandemic to (1) analyze the impacts of the pandemic and…

UM22-09: Risk of Large Medical Expenditures at Older Ages and Their Impact on Economic Well-being

We investigate the extent to which out-of-pocket (OOP) medical expenditures replace other types of spending and their role in households’ experiencing financial hardship at older ages. We will begin by documenting trends in out-of-pocked (OOP) medical expenditure risk in the…

UM22-10: How Does Social Security Affect the Racial Wealth Gap?

The literature on the United States’ wealth inequality has three major shortcomings. First, the literature is focused on wealth concentration at the very top, ignoring differentials across most of the wealth distribution. Second, the literature mostly ignores the wealth differentials…

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