The Dynamic Effects of Health on the Employment of Older Workers: Impacts by Gender, Education and Race

We will estimate the long run impacts of health on employment by gender, education, and race in the United States and United Kingdom. Our structural framework allows us to disentangle employment drivers such as preferences, productivity, and benefit eligibility. We…

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Risk of Large Medical Expenditures at Older Ages and Their Impact on Economic Well-being

We investigate the extent to which out-of-pocket (OOP) medical expenditures replace other types of spending and their role in households’ experiencing financial hardship at older ages. We will begin by documenting trends in out-of-pocked (OOP) medical expenditure risk in the…

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The Effect of COVID on Expected and Actual Labor Supply and Social Security Claiming Among Older Workers

The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the working conditions of many U.S. workers. Some lost their jobs either temporarily or permanently, others switched to telework, while essential workers continued working on-site at the risk of becoming infected with the virus. The pandemic…

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The Causes and Consequences of Opioid Use among Older Americans: A Panel Survey Approach

This study examines the effects of prescription opioid analgesic use for older Americans, specifically with regard to work disability and disability program participation. We draw on the long-panel structure of the Health and Retirement Study and a newly available 2009…

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The Impact of Growing Health and Mortality Inequalities on Lifetime Social Security Payouts

The prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other health problems has increased in recent decades in the United States, and there is a growing gap between the health and longevity of individuals with high socioeconomic status (SES) and low SES. These…

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The Impact of Medical Spending Shocks on the Wealth and Insurance Purchases of Older Americans

Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS), this project will estimate a dynamic model of medical spending and how medical spending shocks affect the wealth and insurance purchases of older Americans.…

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The Relationship between Adverse Experiences over the Life Course and Later-life Retirement Due to Disability

We will use data about early- and midlife adversity from the Health and Retirement Study, including the new Life History Mail Survey, to examine the effects of adverse experiences on retirement due to disability. We hypothesize that early- and midlife…

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