UM21-01: The Effect of the Americans with Disabilities Act on Social Security Disability Insurance

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was introduced in 1990 with the goal of protecting disabled workers. While a number of studies have examined the impact of the ADA on the employment of disabled individuals, it is also important to…

UM21-02: Geographic Variation in Disability Insurance Application and Awards In the Wake of the Coronavirus Epidemic

The enormous health and economic burdens imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic may impact Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) application and receipt in several ways. Patients who recover from COVID-19 can have long-term health consequences that preclude work, others will delay…

UM21-03: Survey of Disability Determinations Around the World

Public disability insurance systems vary considerably across countries. There is variation in the benefit amounts, program administrative costs, eligibility criteria, coverage scope, accommodations such as fast-tracking of applications, and the disability determination process. The latter is of particular interest to…

UM21-04: Occupational Requirements and Worker Functional Abilities: A Close Look at Three Key Occupations

This project will examine the physical/mental functioning and use of accommodations among workers in three key occupations, selected from 14 occupations identified as physically demanding and highly prevalent among SSDI applicants. SSA’s input will be sought when selecting the three…

UM21-05: The Role of Physical and Cognitive Job Demands on Transitions into Retirement

Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and the Occupational Requirements Survey (ORS), this proposed research project will examine the effects of physical and cognitive job demands, as well as educational requirements, on heterogeneous pathways from full-time work…

UM21-07: The Relationship between Adverse Experiences over the Life Course and Later-life Retirement Due to Disability

We will use data about early- and mid-life adversity from the Health and Retirement Study, including the new Life History Mail Survey, to examine the effects of adverse experiences on retirement due to disability. We hypothesize that early- and midlife…

UM21-08: Mixed-methods Study to Understand Use of MySSA

MySSA is a key online resource offered by the Social Security Administration, providing users with a single access point to all SSA electronic services. While ostensibly an accessible and useful tool that can save users a significant amount of time,…

UM21-09: The Impact of Medical Spending Shocks on the Wealth and Insurance Purchases of Older Americans

Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS), we estimate a dynamic model of medical spending and how medical spending shocks affect the wealth and insurance purchases of older Americans. Our analysis…

UM21-10: Explanations for the Decline in Spending at Older Ages

We propose to use new data from the 2019 wave of the Consumption and Activities Mail Survey to help interpret the observed decline in spending as individuals age. At one extreme, forward-looking individuals optimally chose the decline; at the other,…

UM21-12: The Lifetime Risk of Spousal Nursing Home Use and its Economic Impact on the Community-Dwelling Spouse

A single person in a nursing home is relatively well protected financially, because Medicaid covers nursing home expenses once assets are depleted. Couples, however, are less well protected. For them a great financial threat is that one spouse moves to…

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