Talking about job skills: Researchers develop a common language

Anu: “I ran a 5k in 37 minutes.” Prasad: “I ate nine muffins as a post-race snack.” Anu and Prasad may be talking about the same 5k race. Or not. It’s hard to tell because they don’t share the same…

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Heterogeneity in Self-Employment and the Transition to Retirement among Older Adults in the United States

The fraction of workers who are self-employed increases with age, but the types of self-employment that older workers do and the effects of this work on their well-being is not well understood. This project examines such heterogeneity by considering how…

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Creating a Public Resource: O*NET Job Characteristics Data Set for Use with the Health and Retirement Study and Other Surveys

Creating a public resource of historical occupational information from the O*NET database linked with survey data in the HRS will allow researchers to better inform policy makers about the impact of long-term exposure to different types of tasks or work…

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Heterogeneity in Self-Employment and the Transition to Retirement among Older Adults in the United States

The fraction of workers who are self-employed increases with age, but the types of self-employment that older workers do and the effects of this work on their well-being is not well understood. This project examines such heterogeneity by considering how…

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The Effect of the Americans with Disabilities Act on Social Security Disability Insurance

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was passed in 1990 and implemented in 1992 with the goal of providing disabled workers with employment protections and workplace accommodations. A number of studies have examined the ADA’s impact on disabled individuals’ employment.…

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Labor-market shocks and historically-disadvantaged-groups’ access to SSI and SSDI

SSI and SSDI uptake are important mechanisms for workers with disabilities adjusting to negative shocks in the labor market. In this project, we aim to determine the extent to which structural barriers have excluded historically disadvantaged groups disproportionately affected by…

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Gendered Impacts of COVID-19 on Economic and Retirement Security

The COVID-19 pandemic has had enormous effects on the United States labor market, disproportionately affecting women’s careers. In this project, we will use survey data collected before and during the pandemic to (1) analyze the impacts of the pandemic and…

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Nontraditional Work, Nontraditional Workers, and the Implications for Social Security

We use six panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation to measure the short- and long-term financial security of individuals who have earnings from nontraditional work, such as side self-employment, side business, and platform-based earnings (i.e., Uber). We…

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The Causes and Consequences of Opioid Use among Older Americans: A Panel Survey Approach

This study examines the effects of prescription opioid analgesic use for older Americans, specifically with regard to work disability and disability program participation. We draw on the long-panel structure of the Health and Retirement Study and a newly available 2009…

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