Job Demands, Time Use, and the Timing of Retirement

A large body of research examines the role of job demands in determining the timing of retirement, with mixed findings. However, this research does not account for the potential sorting of individuals into jobs with different demands and examines work…

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Mixed-methods Study on Work-disabled Adults Who Do Not Apply for Social Security Disability Benefits

Fewer than 50% of all American adults with work disabilities currently receive disability benefits, presenting a stark divergence between self-reported work-disability prevalence and disability awards. Yet, we know little about how work-disabled adults make their decisions about whether and when…

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Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Effects of COVID-19 on Job Separation and Financial Precarity

Drawing on Health and Retirement Study data collected in 2021, we will examine racial differences in the COVID-19 pandemic’s consequences on financial security. We hypothesize that, relative to their white counterparts, Black and Hispanic older workers were more likely to…

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Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Disparities in Labor Market Outcomes in the Aftermath of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Using existing and new data from the Understanding America Study, we will document racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the type of work (e.g., full/part-time, gig work), work-from-home arrangements, and schedule flexibility introduced by the COVID-19 pandemic and track their…

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Talking about job skills: Researchers develop a common language

Anu: “I ran a 5k in 37 minutes.” Prasad: “I ate nine muffins as a post-race snack.” Anu and Prasad may be talking about the same 5k race. Or not. It’s hard to tell because they don’t share the same…

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Heterogeneity in Self-Employment and the Transition to Retirement among Older Adults in the United States

The fraction of workers who are self-employed increases with age, but the types of self-employment that older workers do and the effects of this work on their well-being is not well understood. This project examines such heterogeneity by considering how…

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Creating a Public Resource: O*NET Job Characteristics Data Set for Use with the Health and Retirement Study and Other Surveys

Creating a public resource of historical occupational information from the O*NET database linked with survey data in the HRS will allow researchers to better inform policy makers about the impact of long-term exposure to different types of tasks or work…

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Heterogeneity in Self-Employment and the Transition to Retirement among Older Adults in the United States

The fraction of workers who are self-employed increases with age, but the types of self-employment that older workers do and the effects of this work on their well-being is not well understood. This project examines such heterogeneity by considering how…

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