Adding New Variables to the RAND HRS Longitudinal File to Better Support Research on Disability

In September 2020, the MRDRC held a data development workshop on “Disability Research with the Health and Retirement Study (HRS),” where researchers highlighted the importance and richness of the HRS for the study of disability, but identified some challenges to…

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The Effect of the Americans with Disabilities Act on Social Security Disability Insurance

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was introduced in 1990 with the goal of protecting disabled workers. While a number of studies have examined the impact of the ADA on the employment of disabled individuals, it is also important to…

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Predicting Expected Medical Recovery Using Return to Work Among Veterans

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and nonelderly Supplemental Security Income (SSI) beneficiaries face strong incentives not to work because their benefits could be sharply reduced. Most beneficiaries of Veterans Affairs (VA) Disability Compensation (DC) face no such incentive. We examine…

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A Review of U.S. Federal and State Means-Tested Programs

This report presents a review of the major U.S. federal and state means-tested programs, including a review of how they operate, common features, and rules governing eligibility. The review covers the nature of the target recipient population, the nature of…

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Economic Conditions and SSI Applications

The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program provides federally-funded income support for individuals with disabilities, and has become one of the most important means-tested transfer programs in the United States. Previous studies have examined the effects of economic conditions on growth…

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Understanding Participation in SSI

The Supplemental Security Income program (SSI) provides a guaranteed income for the elderly. As such it can serve to mitigate any deleterious effects of reductions in Social Security benefits that might result from any Social Security reform. However, participation in…

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Representativeness of the Low-Income Population in the Health and Retirement Study with Supplementary Analyses for 1991 and 1997

We study to what extent the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) is representative of all income groups, but with a particular emphasis on low-income groups. To focus on the HRS sample composition and abstract from potential measurement issues associated with…

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