Recent Trends in Disability and the Implications for Use of Disability Insurance

Abstract: The health of the working-aged population is a key driver of enrollment in and spending by the two most important federal disability programs, Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Recent studies have found that some…

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Setting Expectations for Claimant Ability to Work: Investigating the Occupational Requirements and Functional Capacity of Workers with Early Onset Health Conditions

When determining a claimant’s eligibility for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits, the Social Security Administration (SSA) assesses whether his/her health condition (e.g., back/spine problems) sufficiently impairs his/her functional capacity (e.g., ability to lift/carry weight) so that the he/she is…

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The Changing Nature of Work

After decades of growth, since 2010 both applications and awards for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) have steadily declined. This decline in SSDI applications has not been accompanied by an improvement in overall health as measured in national surveys. Conceptually,…

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Education and Return to Work Among Veterans

  We will use data from Veteran’s return to work after disability onset to describe how age and education affect work. This will give SSA information that could improve the disability determination process (help make more accurate determinations using a…

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2019 RDRC Meeting: Trends in Disability and the Use of Disability Insurance

Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) is the nation’s most important public support for the working-age population with disabilities. The health of this population is a key driver of enrollment and spending in the DI program and the related Supplemental Security…

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Trends in Disability and the Use of Disability Insurance

There is mounting evidence that the health of older, working age adults, the most frequent claimants of DI benefits, is worsening.  At the same time, there is some evidence from SSA actuaries that after adjusting for demographic factors, the percent…

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Investigating the Functional Capacities, Occupational Requirements, and Vocational Characteristics of Workers with Early Onset Impairments

The validity and reliability of the tools SSA uses to assess claimant physical and mental functional capacity and physical and mental occupational requirements is critical to the effective provision of disability benefits and employment support services. This project will use…

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