Worker Functional Abilities, Occupational Requirements, and Job Accommodations: A Close Look at Three Occupations

This report examines the occupational requirements, physical and mental functioning, and use of accommodations among workers in three key occupations: cashiers, receptionists, and those in nursing fields. These jobs are among the top occupations represented in the work histories of…

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Workplace Injuries and Receipt of Benefits from Workers Compensation and SSDI*

We use data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and matched Social Security Administration (SSA) data to study two questions. First, we examine evidence on whether workers who suffer permanently disabling injuries covered by workers’ compensation (WC) subsequently end…

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The Effect of the Americans with Disabilities Act on Social Security Disability Insurance

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was passed in 1990 and implemented in 1992 with the goal of providing disabled workers with employment protections and workplace accommodations. A number of studies have examined the ADA’s impact on disabled individuals’ employment.…

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Investigating Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Provision of Workplace Accommodations

Accommodations improve the employment outcomes of people with disabilities, although there are racial (and possibly ethnic) disparities in accommodation receipt. This project will investigate the effect of occupation, industry, and other factors on these disparities.

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The Role of Physical, Cognitive and Interpersonal Occupational Requirements and Working Conditions on Disability and Retirement

This proposed research project is an expansion of the MRDRC grant UM21-05, where we investigated the role of physical occupational requirements on retirement transitions using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and from the first wave of the…

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The Effect of the Americans with Disabilities Act on Supplemental Security Income

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was introduced in 1990 with the goal of protecting disabled workers. While a number of studies have examined the ADA’s impact on the disabled individuals’ employment, it is important to also understand its impact…

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Retirement Pensions and Disability Insurance for the 21st Century

This project will estimate the degree of disability risk among the older than 50 population in the United States and England, and evaluate joint reforms of disability insurance and retirement pension programs in a dynamic model of labor supply, social…

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Tracking Changes in the Composition of Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplement Security Income Following the COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically altered Americans’ health and work in ways that may trigger significant changes in the size and composition of disability program participation. In this project, we use Social Security Administration data to study trends in beneficiary…

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