Mixed-methods Study on Work-disabled Adults Who Do Not Apply for Social Security Disability Benefits

Take-up gaps in safety net programs, which have been long documented in the United States and elsewhere, are an important policy question as nontake-up compromises the equity objectives and efficacy of programs. The Social Security Disability program is an example…

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Developing a Survey to Understand Barriers to Applying for Disability Insurance

Applications for SSDI and SSI benefits have been declining by more than expected for over a decade. There are few hypotheses for this decline. In this project, we will try to understand true and perceived barriers to applying for benefits…

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Pathways and Persistence of Labor Force Transitions During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Using new data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), we will document pathways out of the labor force during the COVID-19 pandemic; estimate the persistence of transitions into retirement, disability, and other nonwork states for near retirement workers; and…

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Inflation’s Impact on Vulnerable Older Workers’ and Retirees’ Economic Outcomes

Inflation and uncertainty over future prices recently reached their highest levels in four decades. Given lower rates of homeownership and other inflation protected assets, Black, Hispanic, and lower-income older workers and retirees may be particularly vulnerable to high inflation. Hence,…

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The Effect of the Americans with Disabilities Act on Supplemental Security Income

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was passed in 1990 and implemented in 1992 with the goal of eliminating discrimination against disabled workers. It did so by requiring employers to accommodate disabled workers and by providing protections against discrimination based…

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Retirement Pensions and Disability Insurance for the 21st Century

This project estimates the degree of disability risk among the United States and English over-50 populations. Using a disability measure that closely matches the criteria used by English and U.S. disability systems, we find both higher levels of disability in…

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